- 1 Historical Records
- 2 Theatrical Provenance
- 3 Probable Genre(s)
- 4 Possible Narrative and Dramatic Sources or Analogues
- 5 References to the Play
- 6 Critical Commentary
- 7 For What It's Worth
- 8 Works Cited
Playlists in Philip Henslowe's diary
F. 27v (Greg 1.54)
octobʒ —— tt at hardwute. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 00|16|00 — 00 — 1 — novembʒ 1597 |3| tt at knewtvs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 00|10|00 — 14 — 00
Philip Henslowe's papers in the Dulwich College Library
Greg, Papers (APX. I, art. 1, p. 121. l. 187)
- Under the heading “A Note of all suche bookes as belong to the Stocke, and such as I have bought since the 3d of Marche 1598:
The history of dating "Hardicanute" is influenced by its appearance without the sign of "ne" in Henslowe's playlists in October 1597. Harbage grouped it with plays as old as those offered by Strange's men at the Rose in 1592 (see his "1590, addenda"). Greg II and Wiggins, Catalogue date the play by its order in Henslowe's entries, though both consider it to have had a stage history already. Greg II thought it was "[n]o doubt an old play of Pembroke's men" (#113, p. 186). Wiggins, Catalogue considers the possibility that "Hardicanute" was one of the Admiral's men's "back-catalogue items" but settles on Pembroke's ownership as the stronger "likelihood"; reasoning thus, Wiggins assigns the play to Pembroke's new offerings during their run at the Swan in 1597 (#1069).
Possible Narrative and Dramatic Sources or Analogues
Wiggins, Catalogue suggests Holinshed's Chronicles (#1069).
References to the Play
Knutson groups "Hardicanute" among the plays in the Admiral's men's repertory on British history, the first of which documented by Henslowe was "Cutlack," 1594, including the two parts of "Earl Godwin and His Sons", the two parts of "The Conquest of Brute," (1598), "Mulmutius Dunwallow," (1598), and "Ferrex and Porrex," 1600 (p. 47).
Teramura, noting that Brute was the great-grandson of Aeneas (127), intertwines those pre-Arthurian history plays (adding "Brute Greenshield," 1599) with ones on Trojan history such as "Hardicanute"'s repertorial antecedent "Troy" in 1596, contemporary "Dido [and Aeneas]" in 1598, and successor "Troy's Revenge" in 1599 to demonstrate further the rich dramatization of early English mythology and history before the Norman Conquest (128-9).
For What It's Worth
Yet another play that participates in the narrative history of "Hardicanute" is Edmund Ironside, which is extant in manuscript and whose theatrical provenance and repertorial context is uncertain. Harbage groups it with plays in 1595. Wiggins, Catalogue, although providing a date range of 1593-1603, considers 1597 to be the "best guess" (#1604).
Site created and maintained by Roslyn L. Knutson, Professor Emerita, University of Arkansas at Little Rock; 1 July 2019.