Hardicanute (Canute)

Jump to: navigation, search
Anon. (1597)
Property "Documentary Source" (as page type) with input value "{{{documentarySources}}}" contains invalid characters or is incomplete and therefore can cause unexpected results during a query or annotation process.
Property "Paratext" (as page type) with input value "{{{paratexts}}}" contains invalid characters or is incomplete and therefore can cause unexpected results during a query or annotation process.
Property "Contributor" (as page type) with input value "{{{contributors}}}" contains invalid characters or is incomplete and therefore can cause unexpected results during a query or annotation process.
Property "Partnering Institution" (as page type) with input value "{{{partneringInstitutions}}}" contains invalid characters or is incomplete and therefore can cause unexpected results during a query or annotation process.

Historical Records

Performance Records (Henslowe's Diary)


F. 27v (Greg I, p. 54)

octobʒ
tt at hardwute. . . . . . . . . . 00|16|00 — 00 — 1 —
novembʒ 1597
3 tt at knewtvs. . . . . . . . . . 00|10|00 — 14 — 00


Henslowe's Inventory of Playbooks

Greg, Papers (Appx. I, art. 1, p. 121. l. 187)

Under the heading “A Note of all suche bookes as belong to the Stocke, and such as I have bought since the 3d of Marche 1598:
Hardicanewtes.




Theatrical Provenance

The history of dating "Hardicanute" is influenced by its appearance without the sign of "ne" in Henslowe's playlists in October 1597. Harbage grouped it with plays as old as those offered by Strange's men at the Rose in 1592 (see his "1590, addenda"). Greg II and Wiggins, Catalogue date the play by its order in Henslowe's entries, though both consider it to have had a stage history already. Greg II thought it was "[n]o doubt an old play of Pembroke's men" (p. 186, #113). Wiggins, Catalogue considers the possibility that "Hardicanute" was one of the Admiral's men's "back-catalogue items" but settles on Pembroke's ownership as the stronger "likelihood"; reasoning thus, Wiggins assigns the play to Pembroke's new offerings during their run at the Swan in 1597 (#1069).

Probable Genre(s)

History (Harbage)

Possible Narrative and Dramatic Sources or Analogues

Wiggins, Catalogue suggests Holinshed's Chronicles (#1069).

References to the Play

Information welcome.

Critical Commentary

Knutson groups "Hardicanute" among the plays in the Admiral's men's repertory on British history, the first of which documented by Henslowe was "Cutlack," 1594, including the two parts of "Earl Godwin and His Sons," the two parts of "The Conquest of Brute," (1598), "Mulmutius Dunwallow," (1598), and "Ferrex and Porrex," 1600 (p. 47).


Teramura, noting that Brute was the great-grandson of Aeneas (127), intertwines those pre-Arthurian history plays (adding "Brute Greenshield," 1599) with ones on Trojan history such as "Hardicanute"'s repertorial antecedent "Troy" in 1596, contemporary "Dido and Aeneas" in 1598, and successor "Troy's Revenge" in 1599 to demonstrate further the rich dramatization of early English mythology and history before the Norman Conquest (128-9).



For What It's Worth

Yet another play that participates in the narrative history of "Hardicanute" is Edmund Ironside, which is extant in manuscript and whose theatrical provenance and repertorial context is uncertain. Harbage groups it with plays in 1595. Wiggins, Catalogue, although providing a date range of 1593-1603, considers 1597 to be the "best guess" (#1604).



Works Cited

Knutson, Roslyn Lander. The Repertory of Shakespeare’s Company, 1594-1613.Fayetteville: University of Arkansas Press, 1991.
Teramura, Misha. "Brute Parts: From Troy to Britain at the Rose, 1595-1600." Lost Plays in Shakespeare's England. Ed. David McInnis and Matthew Steggle. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014. 127–47.



Site created and maintained by Roslyn L. Knutson, Professor Emerita, University of Arkansas at Little Rock; 1 July 2019.