Famous Wars of Henry I and the Prince of Wales
Payments to Playwrights (Henslowe's Diary)
F. 45 (Greg, I.85)
- Lent vnto drayton & cheattell the 13 of marche 1598
- in parte payments of a boocke wher in is a parte of
- a weallche man written wch they have promysed to delyuer
- by the xx day next followinge J saye lent R money ............. } xxxxs
- lent vnto the company to paye drayton & dyckers
- & chetell ther full payment for the boocke called
- the famos wares of henry the first & the prynce
- of walles the some of ........................................ } iiili vs
Payments, Miscellaneous (Henslowe's Diary)
F. 45 (Greg, I.85)
- lent at that tyme vnto the company for to spend
- at the Readynge of that boocke at the sonne in
- new fyshstreate ................................................. } vs
Having paid for the play in full in March 1598, the Admiral's company most likely mounted a production in late spring, following the collective reading by 25 March at the Sun on New Fish Street.
History (Harbage; Wiggins, #1114)
Possible Narrative and Dramatic Sources or Analogues
Wiggins offers Holinshed's Chronicles of England, Scotland, and Ireland, either in the 1577 or 1587 edition, as well as (possibly) other chronicle sources (#1114).
References to the Play
Fleay did not comment on the possible narrative of the play but did suggest it might be the same as "Welchmans price," a play title listed in Henslowe's inventory of books belonging to the Admiral's men, 3 March 1598 (Greg, Papers, 121). Fleay seems to have renamed "Welchmans price" as "The Welshman's prize" (BCED, 2.307; BCED, I.122-23). Fleay read Henslowe's naming of Dekker among the team of dramatists in the second (and full) payment for the play as evidence that Chettle and Drayton found "their work in arrear" and "applied to Dekker for help" (BCED, I.12). Apparently accounting for the payment of 5s over a total of 120s for the play, Fleay supposed that the company combined that extra with the 5s for the reading of the play at the Sun to pay for hiring the room and providing 'good cheer'; he further supposed that Henslowe's entry immediately following, which concerns a private performance at which their gear was lost, was a performance of "The Famous Wars of Henry I and the Prince of Wales" (BCED, I.122-23).
Greg questioned why Chettle, Dekker, and Drayton's play addressed the conflicts of Henry I when the Welsh wars of Henry II with either Gruffydd ab Rhys, Prince of South Wales, or Gruffydd ab Cynan, Prince of North Wales "were much more famous"(II.191-2, #130). Often skeptical of Fleay's identification of two or more play titles as one, Greg here thought Fleay "right" in identifying "Famous Wars of Henry I and the Prince of Wales" with the title listed in Henslowe's 1598 inventory, and he adopted Fleay's change of titles, "The Welshman's Prize" (Greg, II.191-92, #130). Casting about for other plays with which to connect "The Famous Wars of Henry I and the Prince of Wales," Greg offered "The Welshman," 1595; "The Life and Death of Henry I," 1597; the "History of Henry I" recorded by Sir Henry Herbert on 10 April 1624 naming "Damport" (Robert Davenport) as author; the "Henry the First and Henry the Second" entered in the Stationers' Register by Humphrey Moseley on 9 October 1653, which is attributed to Shakespeare as well as Davenport; and the "Henry the First and Henry the Second" in the list of plays John Warburton claimed to have had before his cook used the sheets to line pie pans.
Gurr combines the entries of "Famous Wars of Henry I and the Prince of Wales" with the listing of "Welchmans price" in Henslowe's inventory of books in March 1598 (#90, p. 234; also, p. 1102). He reads the specification of "a weallche man" as "the growth of a liking for Welsh accents" (p. 234, n.79).
Wiggins disentangles Chettle, Dekker, and Drayton's play from "The Welshman's Prize" (he offers "The Welshman's Price" as an alternate title; #1115). Of "The Famous Wars of Henry I and the Prince of Wales," he observes that the reference to a Welshman in the payment on 13 Marche may be to the Prince of Wales specified in the second payment but "is just as likely" to be "a comic turn conceived for the company clown" (#1114).
For What It's Worth
Henslowe's mention in the payment of 13 March 1598 of a Welsh man (in a separate entry from the subsequent title, "Famous Wars of Henry I and the Prince of Wales") precipitated a lumping of Chettle, Dekker, and Drayton's play with other titles in the diary. Malone footnoted the entry of "A Booke wherein is a Part of a Welshman" with the suggestion that the play meant was The Valiant Welshman (presumably Robert Armin's play, c. 1612, Q1615 (I, pt..2, p. 309). Collier rejected Malone's supposition, suggesting instead that Henslowe's entry on 29 November 1595 ("The Welshman") was more likely Armin's play (Collier, p. 120). Fleay ignored the entanglement of ("The Welshman") of 1595 with Henslowe's entry on 13 March 1598 (above) but introduced another identification, that being the Chettle-Dekker-Drayton play with "Welchmans price" in Henslowe's inventory of playbooks in March 1598. That is the lumping that scholars have perpetuated (as well as the change from "price" to "prize"), excepting Wiggins (#1114, #1115). Gurr specifically decouples "The Famous Wars of Henry I and the Prince of Wales" from the 1595 ("The Welshman") (p. 234, n. 79), as does Wiggins (#882).
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