Difference between revisions of "Alexander and Lodowick"

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=== Henslowe's Payments (''Henslowe's Diary'') ===
 
=== Henslowe's Payments (''Henslowe's Diary'') ===
 
<br>
 
<br>
[http://www.archive.org/stream/henslowesdiary00unkngoog#page/n104/mode/2up '''F.23 /Greg I.45''']
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[http://www.archive.org/stream/henslowesdiary00unkngoog#page/n104/mode/2up '''F. 23 / Greg 1.45''']
 
<br>
 
<br>
 
::R''es'' at elexsander & ladwicke the 14 of Janewary the }
 
::R''es'' at elexsander & ladwicke the 14 of Janewary the }
 
::fyrst tyme yt wasse playde 1597 in ꝑte . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .} v<sup>li</sup>
 
::fyrst tyme yt wasse playde 1597 in ꝑte . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .} v<sup>li</sup>
 
+
<br><br>
 
 
  
 
=== Performance Records (''Henslowe's Diary'') ===
 
=== Performance Records (''Henslowe's Diary'') ===
  
 
<br>
 
<br>
[http://www.archive.org/stream/henslowesdiary00unkngoog#page/n110/mode/2up '''F.25<sup>v</sup> / Greg 1.50''']:
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[http://www.archive.org/stream/henslowesdiary00unkngoog#page/n110/mode/2up '''F. 25<sup>v</sup> / Greg 1.50''']
 
:Under the heading, "Jn the name of god amen begininge the 25 of novembʒ 1596 as foloweth the lord admerall players":
 
:Under the heading, "Jn the name of god amen begininge the 25 of novembʒ 1596 as foloweth the lord admerall players":
 
<br>
 
<br>
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<br>
 
<br>
  
[http://www.archive.org/stream/henslowesdiary00unkngoog#page/n110/mode/2up '''F.26 / Greg 1.51''']:
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[http://www.archive.org/stream/henslowesdiary00unkngoog#page/n110/mode/2up '''F. 26 / Greg 1.51''']
 
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:{|
 
:{|
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| |||||11|||||ne..||||tt at elexander & lodwicke. . . . . . . . . . |||||03|05|00-17-00
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| |||||11|||||ne..||||tt at elexander & lodwicke. . . . . . . . . . |||||03|05|00 17 00
 
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| | |||||12|||||||||tt at elexander & lodwicke. . . . . . . . . . |||||01|14|09 13 00
 
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| |||||5|||||    ||||tt at elexsander & lodwicke. . . . . . . . . . |||||01|15|00 13 00
 
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|[not pd]|||||[10]9|||||    ||||tt at lodwicke. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . |||||01|16|07-04-00
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|[not pd]|||||[10]9|||||    ||||tt at lodwicke. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . |||||01|16|07 04 00
 
|-
 
|-
| |||||20|||||    ||||tt at elexsander & lodovicke. . . . . . . . . . |||||01|17|00-04-02
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| |||||20|||||    ||||tt at elexsander & lodovicke. . . . . . . . . . |||||01|17|00 04 02
 
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|[Easter] tewsday|||||29|||||    ||||tt at elexsander & lodwicke. . . . . . . . . .  |||||01|16|07-04-00
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|[Easter] tewsday|||||29|||||    ||||tt at elexsander & lodwicke. . . . . . . . . .  |||||01|16|07 04 00
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Aprelle 1597||||||||||||||||
 
|Aprelle 1597||||||||||||||||
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| |||||5|||||    ||||tt at elexander & lodwicke. . . . . . . . . . |||||01|02|00-03-05
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| |||||5|||||    ||||tt at elexander & lodwicke. . . . . . . . . . .|||||01|02|00 03 05
 
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<br>
 
<br>
  
'''F. 26<sup>v</sup> '''([http://www.archive.org/stream/henslowesdiary00unkngoog#page/n111/mode/1up'''Greg I''', p. 52])
+
[http://www.archive.org/stream/henslowesdiary00unkngoog#page/n111/mode/1up'''F. 26<sup>v</sup> / Greg 1.52''']
 
::{|
 
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| |||||27|||||    ||||R''es'' at elexsander & lodwick. . . . . . . . . . |||||[''1'']02|14|00-00-00
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| |||||27|||||    ||||R''es'' at elexsander & lodwick. . . . . . . . . |||||[''1'']02|14|00 00 00
 
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| whittsone||||||||||||||||
 
| whittsone||||||||||||||||
 
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|  T |||||17|||||    ||||tt at elexsander & lodwicke. . . . . . . . . . |||||03|00|00-03-04
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|  T |||||17|||||    ||||tt at elexsander & lodwicke. . . . . . . . . . |||||03|00|00 03 04
 
|-
 
|-
| |||||28|||||m<sup>r</sup> pd||||tt at elexsander & lodwicke. . . . . . . . . . |||||03|13|01-10-00
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| |||||28|||||m<sup>r</sup> pd||||tt at elexsander & lodwicke. . . . . . . . . . |||||03|13|01 10 00
 
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<br>
 
<br>
  
'''F. 27''' ([http://www.archive.org/stream/henslowesdiary00unkngoog#page/n112/mode/1up'''Greg I''', p. 53])
+
[http://www.archive.org/stream/henslowesdiary00unkngoog#page/n112/mode/1up'''F. 27 / Greg 1.53''']
  
 
::{| {{table}}
 
::{| {{table}}
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|}
 
|}
 
<br>
 
<br>
'''F. 27<sup>v</sup>''' ([http://www.archive.org/stream/henslowesdiary00unkngoog#page/n114/mode/1up '''Greg I''', p. 54])
+
[http://www.archive.org/stream/henslowesdiary00unkngoog#page/n114/mode/1up '''F. 27<sup>v</sup> / Greg 1.54''']
  
 
:::{| {{table}}
 
:::{| {{table}}
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|-
 
|-
 
|}
 
|}
<br>
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<br><br>
  
 
=== Payments to Playwrights (''Henslowe's Diary'') ===
 
=== Payments to Playwrights (''Henslowe's Diary'') ===
  
[http://www.archive.org/stream/henslowesdiary00unkngoog#page/n146/mode/1up F. 45<sup>v</sup>/'''Greg''' I.86]:
+
[http://www.archive.org/stream/henslowesdiary00unkngoog#page/n146/mode/1up '''F. 45<sup>v</sup>/ Greg 1.86''']:
 
<blockquote>
 
<blockquote>
 
:Lente vnto the company the 16 of maye 1598 to buye}
 
:Lente vnto the company the 16 of maye 1598 to buye}
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</blockquote>
 
</blockquote>
  
[http://www.archive.org/stream/henslowesdiary00unkngoog#page/n149/mode/1up F. 47<sup>v</sup> / '''Greg''' I.90]
+
[http://www.archive.org/stream/henslowesdiary00unkngoog#page/n149/mode/1up '''F. 47<sup>v</sup> / Greg 1.90''']
 
<blockquote>
 
<blockquote>
 
:pd vnto marteyne slawghter the 18 of July}
 
:pd vnto marteyne slawghter the 18 of July}
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</blockquote>
 
</blockquote>
  
[http://www.archive.org/stream/henslowesdiary00unkngoog#page/n164/mode/1up F. 54<sup>v</sup> / '''Greg''' I.104]
+
[http://www.archive.org/stream/henslowesdiary00unkngoog#page/n164/mode/1up '''F. 54<sup>v</sup> / Greg 1.104''']
 
<blockquote>
 
<blockquote>
 
:Lent vnto Jewbe the 31 of marche 1598}
 
:Lent vnto Jewbe the 31 of marche 1598}
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:wicke the some of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .}
 
:wicke the some of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .}
 
</blockquote>
 
</blockquote>
 +
<br><br>
  
 
=== Henslowe's Inventory of Playbooks ===
 
=== Henslowe's Inventory of Playbooks ===
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== Possible Narrative and Dramatic Sources or Analogues ==
 
== Possible Narrative and Dramatic Sources or Analogues ==
 
<br>
 
<br>
 +
To some degree, the story of "Alexander and Lodowick" must have reflected a ballad popular at the time called "The Two faithfull Friends" (EBBA [http://ebba.english.ucsb.edu/ballad/20275/xml]). The blurb on the ballad is as follows:
  
Ballad, EBBA (http://ebba.english.ucsb.edu/ballad/20275/xml)
+
<blockquote>
 
 
The two faithfull Friends.
 
 
The pleasant History of Alexander and Lodwicke , who were so like one ano
 
The pleasant History of Alexander and Lodwicke , who were so like one ano
 
ther, that none could know them asunder: wherein is declared how Lodwike
 
ther, that none could know them asunder: wherein is declared how Lodwike
 
married the Princesse of Hungaria in Alexanders name, and how each night
 
married the Princesse of Hungaria in Alexanders name, and how each night
 
he layd a naked sword betweene him and the Princesse , because he
 
he layd a naked sword betweene him and the Princesse , because he
would not wrong his friend.
+
would not wrong his friend. To the tune of Flying Fame .
To the tune of Flying Fame .
+
</blockquote>
 
+
<br>
<br><br><br>
 
  
 
== References to the Play ==
 
== References to the Play ==

Revision as of 18:04, 3 December 2019

Anon. Play Titles A (1597)
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Historical Records

Henslowe's Payments (Henslowe's Diary)


F. 23 / Greg 1.45

Res at elexsander & ladwicke the 14 of Janewary the }
fyrst tyme yt wasse playde 1597 in ꝑte . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .} vli



Performance Records (Henslowe's Diary)


F. 25v / Greg 1.50

Under the heading, "Jn the name of god amen begininge the 25 of novembʒ 1596 as foloweth the lord admerall players":


ye 14 of Jenewary 1597 ne . . Res at elexsander & lodwicke . . . . . . . . . . lvs


F. 26 / Greg 1.51

ffebreary
1597
11 ne.. tt at elexander & lodwicke. . . . . . . . . . 03|05|00 — 17 — 00
12 tt at elexander & lodwicke. . . . . . . . . . 01|14|09 — 13 — 00
begynyng in leant
Marche 1597
5 tt at elexsander & lodwicke. . . . . . . . . . 01|15|00 — 13 — 00
[not pd] [10]9 tt at lodwicke. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 01|16|07 — 04 — 00
20 tt at elexsander & lodovicke. . . . . . . . . . 01|17|00 — 04 — 02
[Easter] tewsday 29 tt at elexsander & lodwicke. . . . . . . . . . 01|16|07 — 04 — 00
Aprelle 1597
5 tt at elexander & lodwicke. . . . . . . . . . . 01|02|00 — 03 — 05


F. 26v / Greg 1.52

Aprelle 1597
12 tt at elexsander & lodwicke. . . . . . . . . . 00|14|03 — 00 — 01
27 Res at elexsander & lodwick. . . . . . . . . [1]02|14|00 — 00 — 00
Maye 1597
9 tt at lodwicke & elexand. . . . . . . . . . . . . 00|14|00 — 00 — 00
whittsone
T 17 tt at elexsander & lodwicke. . . . . . . . . . 03|00|00 — 03 — 04
28 mr pd tt at elexsander & lodwicke. . . . . . . . . . 03|13|01 — 10 — 00


F. 27 / Greg 1.53

June 1597
S petterss daye 29 tt at elexsander & lodwick. . . . . . . . . . 01|02|00 — 14 — 00


F. 27v / Greg 1.54

July 1597
15 tt at elexsander & lodwicke. . . . . . . . . . 00|08|00 — 13 — 00



Payments to Playwrights (Henslowe's Diary)

F. 45v/ Greg 1.86:

Lente vnto the company the 16 of maye 1598 to buye}
v boocks of martine slather called ij ꝑtes of hercolus} vijll
& focas & pethagoras & elyxander & lodicke wch laste}
boock he hath not yet delyuerd the some of . . . . . . . . . .}

F. 47v / Greg 1.90

pd vnto marteyne slawghter the 18 of July}
for a boocke called elexsander & lodwicke} xxs
the some of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . .}

F. 54v / Greg 1.104

Lent vnto Jewbe the 31 of marche 1598}
to bue divers thinges for elexander & lode} vli
wicke the some of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .}



Henslowe's Inventory of Playbooks

Greg, Papers, 121

A Note of all suche bookes as belong to the Stocke, and such as I have bought since the 3d of March 1598
Elexsander and Lodwicke.



Theatrical Provenance


The Admiral's men played "Alexander and Lodowick" at the Rose playhouse from January through (at least) July in 1597. They considered it a valuable commodity as late as May 1598, at which time they purchased the playbook from Martin Slater in a job lot including also " Hercules| (both parts), " Phocas," and "Pythagoras." In a subsequent separate transaction, the company paid Slater another 20s for the book (18 July 1598). Henslowe listed the playbook among those inventoried in March 1598/99. In that same month (March (1599), the company purchased "divers thinges" for the play, evidently for a revival.




Probable Genre(s)

Romance? (Harbage)


Possible Narrative and Dramatic Sources or Analogues


To some degree, the story of "Alexander and Lodowick" must have reflected a ballad popular at the time called "The Two faithfull Friends" (EBBA [1]). The blurb on the ballad is as follows:

The pleasant History of Alexander and Lodwicke , who were so like one ano ther, that none could know them asunder: wherein is declared how Lodwike married the Princesse of Hungaria in Alexanders name, and how each night he layd a naked sword betweene him and the Princesse , because he would not wrong his friend. To the tune of Flying Fame .


References to the Play


Information welcome.


Critical Commentary


Greg II acknowledged the possibility of Martin Slater's authorship of "Alexander and Lodowick" but was not convinced. Curious whether a lawsuit between Slater and three players who had left Pembroke's men in 1597 to join the Admiral's men (William Bird, Thomas Downton, and Gabriel Spencer) might have been about the plays Slater had sold to the Admiral's men in May 1598, Greg said he would "like to have the breviate" of the case for evidence on questions including Slater's possible authorship (pp. 310-11).


Gurr attributes the play to Martin Slater (p. 94), perhaps because he was paid an extra 20s. for "Alexander and Lodowick" in a separate and later payment in March 1599.




For What It's Worth

Slater's career as player and theatrical businessman is relatively well documented, but the role of dramatist is conjectural. Even so, the conjecture is appealing. As we become more aware of the appetite for new plays across the theatrical industry, it seems reasonable that more than one player-businessman was also a playwright.


Works Cited

Gurr, Andrew. Shakespeare's Opposites: The Admiral's Company 1594-1625. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009.




Site created and maintained by Roslyn L. Knutson, Professor Emerita, University of Arkansas at Little Rock; 21 November 2019.