Difference between revisions of "Jephthah"

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Judges 11-12.
 
Judges 11-12.
  
The biblical story seems to have been told in ballad form in the sixteenth century. An allusion to one such ballad appears in ''Hamlet'': after taunting Polonius as "Jephthah, judge of Israel," Hamlet recites the tetrameter lines, "One fair daughter and no more, / The which he loved passing well" (Jenkins, ed., 2.2.399, 403-4). These lines are found in the ballad "Jepha Judge of Israel," which is preserved in the Shirburn manuscript, c. 1585-1616 (f. 183v; qtd. Clark [http://archive.org/stream/shirburnballads100claruoft#page/174/mode/2up 174-76]), and in a surviving broadside printed c. 1658–64 (Roxburghe Collection [http://ebba.english.ucsb.edu/ballad/31618/album 3.201]; ''Roxburghe Ballads'' [http://archive.org/stream/p3roxburgheballa06chapuoft#page/684/mode/2up 6.685-66]; Jenkins, ed., 475-77).
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The biblical story seems to have been told in ballad form in the sixteenth century. An allusion to one such ballad appears in ''Hamlet'': after taunting Polonius as "Jephthah, judge of Israel," Hamlet recites the tetrameter lines, "One fair daughter and no more, / The which he loved passing well" (Jenkins, ed., 2.2.399, 403-4). These lines are found in the ballad "Jepha Judge of Israel," which is preserved in the Shirburn manuscript, c. 1603-1625 (British Library, Add MS 82932, f. 183v; qtd. Clark [http://archive.org/stream/shirburnballads100claruoft#page/174/mode/2up 174-76]), and in a surviving broadside printed c. 1658–64 (Roxburghe Collection [http://ebba.english.ucsb.edu/ballad/31618/album 3.201]; ''Roxburghe Ballads'' [http://archive.org/stream/p3roxburgheballa06chapuoft#page/684/mode/2up 6.685-66]; Jenkins, ed., 475-77).
  
 
George Buchanan dramatized the story in his Latin ''Iephthes sive votum'' (Paris, 1554).
 
George Buchanan dramatized the story in his Latin ''Iephthes sive votum'' (Paris, 1554).

Revision as of 22:33, 8 June 2016

Anthony Munday, Thomas Dekker (1602)


Historical Records

Payments to Playwrights (Henslowe's Diary)

Fol. 105v (Greg I.168)

Lent vnto the companye the 5 of maye 1602
to geue vnto antoney monday & thomas deckers
J earnest of a Bocke called Jeffae
as may apeare the some of . . . . vll


Payments, Miscellaneous (Henslowe's Diary)

Fol. 105v (Greg I.168)

Layd owt for the companye when they
Read the playe of Jeffa for wine at
the tavern dd vnto thomas downton . . . . .ijs


Payments for Properties and Apparel (Henslowe's Diary)

Fol. 106v (Greg I.170)

Lent vnto Thomas downton the 8 of
maye 1602 to bye cottes for the
playe of Jeffa the some of . . . . vjll


Lent vnto thomas downton the 12
of June 1602 to by Rebatous & other
thinges for the playe of Jeffa the some
of . . . . iiijll


pd at the apoynt of thomas downton
vnto the tayller for mackynge of sewtes
for Jeffa the 25 of June 1602 some of . . . . xxxs


Lent vnto the company 1602 the 27 of
June to paye vnto hime wch made ther
propertyes for Jeffa the some of . . . . xxvs


Lent vnto thomas downton the
5 of July 1602 to paye the cvter
for the play of Jeffa the some of . . . . xxijs


Acquittance from William Playstowe (Henslowe Papers)


Receved of mr Henslowe the iiijth of Agust 1602
for one monthes pay due vnto my mr mr Edmund
Tylney vppon the xxxjth day of July last past
the som of iijll J say R[eceived] . . . . iijll
per mei Will Playstowe
bookes owinge for /5/
baxsters tragedy
Tobias Comedy
Jepha Judg of Jsrael & the Cardinall
loue parts frendshipp


(Dulwich College, MSS I, article 37; qtd. Greg, Henslowe Papers, 58-59)



Theatrical Provenance

Performed by the Admiral's Men at the Fortune, perhaps in July.


Probable Genre(s)

Biblical History (Harbage).


Possible Narrative and Dramatic Sources or Analogues

Judges 11-12.

The biblical story seems to have been told in ballad form in the sixteenth century. An allusion to one such ballad appears in Hamlet: after taunting Polonius as "Jephthah, judge of Israel," Hamlet recites the tetrameter lines, "One fair daughter and no more, / The which he loved passing well" (Jenkins, ed., 2.2.399, 403-4). These lines are found in the ballad "Jepha Judge of Israel," which is preserved in the Shirburn manuscript, c. 1603-1625 (British Library, Add MS 82932, f. 183v; qtd. Clark 174-76), and in a surviving broadside printed c. 1658–64 (Roxburghe Collection 3.201; Roxburghe Ballads 6.685-66; Jenkins, ed., 475-77).

George Buchanan dramatized the story in his Latin Iephthes sive votum (Paris, 1554). Munday himself had treated the subject in his The Mirror of Mutabilitie (London, 1579), where Jephthah's story is told to exemplify Rashness.



References to the Play

None known.


Critical Commentary

Marino 101-4.


For What It's Worth

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