Difference between revisions of "Hannibal and Hermes"

 
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==Historical Records==
 
==Historical Records==
  
===Payments to Playwrights (''Henslowe's Diary'')===
+
===Payments===
F.47<sup>v</sup> ([http://www.archive.org/stream/henslowesdiary00unkngoog#page/n150/mode/1up Greg 1.90])
+
====To playwrights in Philip Henslowe's diary====
<blockquote>
+
 
{| {{table}}
+
Fol. 47<sup>v</sup> ([http://www.archive.org/stream/henslowesdiary00unkngoog#page/n150/mode/1up Greg 1.90])
| ||||||||lent vnto m<sup>r</sup> willsone the 17 of July 1598||}||
+
<br>
 +
 
 +
::{| {{table}}
 
|-
 
|-
| ||||||||in earneste of a comodye called haneballe &||}||x<sup>s</sup>
+
|lent vnto m<sup>r</sup> willsone the 17 of July 1598||}
 
|-
 
|-
| ||||||||hearmes the some of . . . . . . . . . . ||}||
+
| in earneste of a comodye called haneballe &||} x<sup>s</sup>
 
|-
 
|-
| ||||||||<span style="color: white;">.</span>||||
+
| hearmes the some of . . . . . . . . . . ||}
 
|-
 
|-
| ||||||||<span style="color: white;">.</span>||||
+
| ll - s - d  lent vnto m<sup>r</sup> willson m<sup>r</sup> drayton & m<sup>r</sup> dickers ||}
 
|-
 
|-
| li||s||d||||lent vnto m<sup>r</sup> willson m<sup>r</sup> drayton & m<sup>r</sup> dickers||}||
+
| 101 - 12 - 8  the 17 of July 1598 for a Boocke called Haneballe ||} iij<sup>ll</sup>
 
|-
 
|-
| 101||-12||-8||||the 17 of July 1598 for a Boocke called Haneballe||}||iij<sup>ll</sup>
+
| & hermes the some of . . . . . . . . . . ||}
 
|-
 
|-
| ||||||||& hermes the some of . . . . . . . . . .||}||
 
 
|}
 
|}
</blockquote>
+
 
 
<br>
 
<br>
 
<br>
 
<br>
F.48 ([http://www.archive.org/stream/henslowesdiary00unkngoog#page/n151/mode/1up Greg 1.91])
+
Fol. 48 ([http://www.archive.org/stream/henslowesdiary00unkngoog#page/n151/mode/1up Greg 1.91])
<blockquote>
+
 
{| {{table}}
+
::{|
 +
|-
 
| lent vnto m<sup>r</sup> willsone the 26 of July 1598 vpon||}||
 
| lent vnto m<sup>r</sup> willsone the 26 of July 1598 vpon||}||
 
|-
 
|-
 
| a Boocke called Haneballe & hermes the some of||}||xx<sup>s</sup>
 
| a Boocke called Haneballe & hermes the some of||}||xx<sup>s</sup>
 
|-
 
|-
| ||<span style="color: white;">.</span>||
+
|}
 +
 
 +
::{|
 
|-
 
|-
| ||<span style="color: white;">.</span>||
+
| Lent vnto m<sup>r</sup> <strike>willso</strike> drayton & m<sup>r</sup> dickers the||}
 
|-
 
|-
| Lent vnto m<sup>r</sup> <strike>willso</strike> drayton & m<sup>r</sup> dickers the||}||
+
| 27 of July 1598 in pt of a Boocke called Haneballe||}  xxx<sup>s</sup>
 
|-
 
|-
| 27 of July 1598 in pt of a Boocke called Haneballe||}||xxx<sup>s</sup>
+
| & Hermes the some of . . . . . . . . . . ||}
 
|-
 
|-
| & Hermes the some of . . . . . . . . . . ||}||
+
|}  
|-
+
 
| ||<span style="color: white;">.</span>||
+
::{|  
|-
 
| ||<span style="color: white;">.</span>||
 
 
|-
 
|-
| pd vnto m<sup>r</sup> drayton & m<sup>r</sup> deckers the 28 of July||}||
+
| pd vnto m<sup>r</sup> drayton & m<sup>r</sup> deckers the 28 of July||}
 
|-
 
|-
| 1598 in full payment of a boocke called haneball||}||x<sup>s</sup>
+
| 1598 in full payment of a boocke called haneball||} x<sup>s</sup>
 
|-
 
|-
| & hermes other wisse called worsse feared then hurte||}||
+
| & hermes other wisse called worsse feared then hurte||}
 
|}
 
|}
</blockquote>
+
 
 
<br>
 
<br>
 
'''NB. At this point in Henslowe's records, a total of £6 10s had already been paid to Wilson, Drayton and Dekker for their play -- a figure which corresponds approximately to the price of an entirely new play being purchased in full. However, the final entry on 28 July 1598 supplies an alternative title for the play, "worsse feared then hurte". The following entries may therefore be relevant in that they refer to a play of that alternative name, but given the expenditure for that title (£5) it seems more likely to be a discrete play altogether (see, therefore, the entry for "[[Worse Afeared Than Hurt]]").'''
 
'''NB. At this point in Henslowe's records, a total of £6 10s had already been paid to Wilson, Drayton and Dekker for their play -- a figure which corresponds approximately to the price of an entirely new play being purchased in full. However, the final entry on 28 July 1598 supplies an alternative title for the play, "worsse feared then hurte". The following entries may therefore be relevant in that they refer to a play of that alternative name, but given the expenditure for that title (£5) it seems more likely to be a discrete play altogether (see, therefore, the entry for "[[Worse Afeared Than Hurt]]").'''
 
<br>
 
<br>
 
<br>
 
<br>
F. 50 ([http://www.archive.org/stream/henslowesdiary00unkngoog#page/n155/mode/1up Greg 1.95])
+
Fol. 50 ([http://www.archive.org/stream/henslowesdiary00unkngoog#page/n155/mode/1up Greg 1.95])
<blockquote>
+
 
{| {{table}}
+
::{| {{table}}
| Lent vnto the company the 30 of aguste 1598||}||
+
| Lent vnto the company the 30 of aguste 1598||}
 
|-
 
|-
| to geue in earneste of a boocke called <strike>bad</strike>||}||l<sup>s</sup>
+
| to geue in earneste of a boocke called <strike>bad</strike>||}l<sup>s</sup>
 
|-
 
|-
| <strike>may a mende</strike> <sup>worse a feard than hurte</sup> vnto m<sup>r</sup> drayton & dickers||}||
+
| <strike>may a mende</strike> <sup>worse a feard than hurte</sup> vnto m<sup>r</sup> drayton & dickers||}
 +
|-
 +
| the some of . . . . . . . . . . ||}
 
|-
 
|-
| the some of . . . . . . . . . . ||}||
 
 
|}
 
|}
<br>
+
 
<br>
+
::{| {{table}}
{| {{table}}
+
|-
| Lent vnto the company the 4 of aguste [''sic'', September] 1598||}||
+
| Lent vnto the company the 4 of aguste [''sic'', September] 1598||}
 +
|-
 +
| to paye in fulle payment for a Boocke called||}l<sup>s</sup>
 
|-
 
|-
| to paye in fulle payment for a Boocke called||}||l<sup>s</sup>
+
| worse a feared then hurte vnto m<sup>r</sup> drayton||}
 
|-
 
|-
| worse a feared then hurte vnto m<sup>r</sup> drayton||}||
+
| & m<sup>r</sup> dickers the some of . . . . . . . . . . ||}
 
|-
 
|-
| & m<sup>r</sup> dickers the some of . . . . . . . . . . ||}||
 
 
|}
 
|}
</blockquote>
+
 
  
 
<br>
 
<br>
 
<br>
 
<br>
 
NB. Henslowe also mistakenly applied the alternative "Worse Afeared Than Hurt" title to another play, "[[Chance Medley]]", but realised his error and corrected it:<br>
 
NB. Henslowe also mistakenly applied the alternative "Worse Afeared Than Hurt" title to another play, "[[Chance Medley]]", but realised his error and corrected it:<br>
F. 49<sup>v</sup> ([http://www.archive.org/stream/henslowesdiary00unkngoog#page/n154/mode/1up Greg I.94])
+
<br>
<blockquote>
+
Fol. 49<sup>v</sup> ([http://www.archive.org/stream/henslowesdiary00unkngoog#page/n154/mode/1up Greg I.94])
{| {{table}}
+
 
| pd vnto m<sup>r</sup>. drayton the 24 of aguste 1598||}||
+
::{| {{table}}
 
|-
 
|-
| in fulle payment of a Boocke called chance||}||xxxv<sup>s</sup>
+
| pd vnto m<sup>r</sup>. drayton the 24 of aguste 1598||}
 +
|-
 +
| in fulle payment of a Boocke called chance||}xxxv<sup>s</sup>
 +
|-
 +
| medley <strike>or worse a feared then <sup>hurte</sup> the</strike> some of . . ||}
 
|-
 
|-
| medley <strike>or worse a feared then <sup>hurte</sup> the</strike> some of . . ||}||
 
 
|}
 
|}
<br>
+
 
 
<br>
 
<br>
 
<br>
 
<br>
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==Probable Genre(s)==
 
==Probable Genre(s)==
  
Comedy (Henslowe); Unknown (Harbage).
+
Comedy (Henslowe); Unknown ([[WorksCited|Harbage]]).
 
<br>
 
<br>
 
<br>
 
<br>
 
<br>
 
<br>
 +
 
==Possible Narrative and Dramatic Sources or Analogues==
 
==Possible Narrative and Dramatic Sources or Analogues==
  
Although the title "Hannibal and Hermes" offers two clear names whose narratives ought to be recoverable, the conjunction of an historical (Carthaginian) name, Hannibal, with a mythological (Greek) name, Hermes, is somewhat confusing. Hannibal invaded Italy in the Second Punic War; Hermes/Mercury is the messenger of the gods. Henslowe's designation of the play as a comedy might suggest a lack of fidelity to historical sources. See [[#Critical Commentary|'''Critical Commentary''']] below for Wiggins' conjecture on how these two characters might co-exist in a play.
+
Although the title "Hannibal and Hermes" offers two clear names whose narratives ought to be recoverable, the conjunction of an historical (Carthaginian) name, Hannibal, with a mythological (Greek) name, Hermes, is somewhat confusing. Hannibal invaded Italy in the Second Punic War; Hermes/Mercury is the messenger of the gods. Henslowe's designation of the play as a comedy might suggest a lack of fidelity to historical sources. See [[#Critical Commentary|'''Critical Commentary''']] below for [[WorksCited|Wiggins]]' conjecture on how these two characters might co-exist in a play.
 
<br>
 
<br>
 
<br>
 
<br>
Line 130: Line 138:
 
==Critical Commentary==
 
==Critical Commentary==
  
As '''Wiggins''' (1137) notes, "It may be relevant that another Carthaginian play, ''Dido and Aeneas'' ('''1100'''), was in the repertory earlier in the year. In extant versions of that story, Hermes (Mercury) plays a crucial role in summoning Aeneas away from Carthage to occupy Italy, so that his descendants can found Rome, the African city's antagonist in the Punic Wars. Perhaps in this play Hermes returns to Carthage to develop the conflict between the two Mediterranean powers". He briefly suggests that an "alternative possible referent is the apocryphal mystical philosopher, Hermes Trismegistus".
+
As [[WorksCited|Wiggins, ''Catalogue'' (#1137)]] notes, "It may be relevant that another Carthaginian play, ''Dido and Aeneas'' (#1100), was in the repertory earlier in the year. In extant versions of that story, Hermes (Mercury) plays a crucial role in summoning Aeneas away from Carthage to occupy Italy, so that his descendants can found Rome, the African city's antagonist in the Punic Wars. Perhaps in this play Hermes returns to Carthage to develop the conflict between the two Mediterranean powers". He briefly suggests that an "alternative possible referent is the apocryphal mystical philosopher, Hermes Trismegistus".
 
<br>
 
<br>
 
<br>
 
<br>
 +
 +
[[WorksCited|Harbage]], [[WorksCited|Greg II]] and '''Sibley''' (70-71) assumed this play was Part 1, with "[[Worse Afeared Than Hurt]]" a Part 2 (though by Greg's own admission, it is "never so styled", [http://www.archive.org/stream/henslowesdiary02hensuoft#page/194/mode/2up #142 & #151, pp. 194-5]). Harbage uses the names "[''I''] ''Hannibal and Hermes ([I] Worse (A)feared Than Hurt)''" and "[''II''] ''Worse (A)feared Than Hurt (II Hannibal and Hermes)''" to hedge his bets.
 
<br>
 
<br>
'''Harbage''', '''Greg''' and '''Sibley''' (70-71) assumed this play was Part 1, with "[[Worse Afeared Than Hurt]]" a Part 2 (though by Greg's own admission, it is "never so styled", [http://www.archive.org/stream/henslowesdiary02hensuoft#page/194/mode/2up II.195]). Harbage uses the names "[''I''] ''Hannibal and Hermes ([I] Worse (A)feared Than Hurt)''" and "[''II''] ''Worse (A)feared Than Hurt (II Hannibal and Hermes)''" to hedge his bets.
 
<br>
 
<br>
 
'''Knutson''' tentatively includes "Hannibal and Hermes" in her discussion of serial plays on the basis that "Greg thinks they [the Admiral's men] acquired a sequel" (51).
 
 
<br>
 
<br>
 +
'''Knutson''' tentatively includes "Hannibal and Hermes" in her discussion of serial plays on the basis that "Greg thinks they [the Admiral's men] acquired a sequel" (p. 51).
 
<br>
 
<br>
 
<br>
 
<br>
Line 150: Line 157:
  
 
==Works Cited==
 
==Works Cited==
<div style="padding-left: 2em; text-indent: -2em">Knutson, Roslyn Lander. ''The Repertory of Shakespeare's Company, 1594-1613. Fayetteville: University of Arkansas Press, 1991.</div>
+
<div style="padding-left: 2em; text-indent: -2em">Knutson, Roslyn Lander. ''The Repertory of Shakespeare's Company, 1594-1613''. Fayetteville: University of Arkansas Press, 1991.</div>
 
<br>
 
<br>
 
<br>
 
<br>
 
<br>
 
<br>
 
Site created and maintained by [[David McInnis]], University of Melbourne; updated 05 March 2015.
 
Site created and maintained by [[David McInnis]], University of Melbourne; updated 05 March 2015.
[[category:all]][[category:David McInnis]][[category:Admiral's]][[category:Rose]][[category:mythology]][[category:history]][[category:Henslowe's records]]
+
[[category:all]][[category:David McInnis]][[category:Admiral's]][[category:Rose]][[category:mythology]][[category:history]][[category:Henslowe's records]][[category:collaborations]][[category:Robert Wilson]][[category:Michael Drayton]][[category:Thomas Dekker]]
 +
[[category:Plays]][[category:Serial/Sequel plays]][[category:Possibly corrupt titles]][[category:Update]]

Latest revision as of 17:07, 11 November 2020

Thomas Dekker, Michael Drayton, and Robert Wilson (1598)

NB. sometimes referred to as "Part 1" or as "Worse Afeared than Hurt", owing to a series of alterations in Henslowe's diary (see below).

Historical Records

Payments

To playwrights in Philip Henslowe's diary

Fol. 47v (Greg 1.90)

lent vnto mr willsone the 17 of July 1598 }
in earneste of a comodye called haneballe & } xs
hearmes the some of . . . . . . . . . . }
ll - s - d lent vnto mr willson mr drayton & mr dickers }
101 - 12 - 8 the 17 of July 1598 for a Boocke called Haneballe } iijll
& hermes the some of . . . . . . . . . . }



Fol. 48 (Greg 1.91)

lent vnto mr willsone the 26 of July 1598 vpon }
a Boocke called Haneballe & hermes the some of } xxs
Lent vnto mr willso drayton & mr dickers the }
27 of July 1598 in pt of a Boocke called Haneballe } xxxs
& Hermes the some of . . . . . . . . . . }
pd vnto mr drayton & mr deckers the 28 of July }
1598 in full payment of a boocke called haneball } xs
& hermes other wisse called worsse feared then hurte }


NB. At this point in Henslowe's records, a total of £6 10s had already been paid to Wilson, Drayton and Dekker for their play -- a figure which corresponds approximately to the price of an entirely new play being purchased in full. However, the final entry on 28 July 1598 supplies an alternative title for the play, "worsse feared then hurte". The following entries may therefore be relevant in that they refer to a play of that alternative name, but given the expenditure for that title (£5) it seems more likely to be a discrete play altogether (see, therefore, the entry for "Worse Afeared Than Hurt").

Fol. 50 (Greg 1.95)

Lent vnto the company the 30 of aguste 1598 }
to geue in earneste of a boocke called bad }ls
may a mende worse a feard than hurte vnto mr drayton & dickers }
the some of . . . . . . . . . . }
Lent vnto the company the 4 of aguste [sic, September] 1598 }
to paye in fulle payment for a Boocke called }ls
worse a feared then hurte vnto mr drayton }
& mr dickers the some of . . . . . . . . . . }




NB. Henslowe also mistakenly applied the alternative "Worse Afeared Than Hurt" title to another play, "Chance Medley", but realised his error and corrected it:

Fol. 49v (Greg I.94)

pd vnto mr. drayton the 24 of aguste 1598 }
in fulle payment of a Boocke called chance }xxxvs
medley or worse a feared then hurte the some of . . }



Theatrical Provenance

The sum paid by Henslowe suggests the play was new and completed; it would therefore presumably have been performed in the late summer of 1598 by the Admiral's at the Rose.


Probable Genre(s)

Comedy (Henslowe); Unknown (Harbage).


Possible Narrative and Dramatic Sources or Analogues

Although the title "Hannibal and Hermes" offers two clear names whose narratives ought to be recoverable, the conjunction of an historical (Carthaginian) name, Hannibal, with a mythological (Greek) name, Hermes, is somewhat confusing. Hannibal invaded Italy in the Second Punic War; Hermes/Mercury is the messenger of the gods. Henslowe's designation of the play as a comedy might suggest a lack of fidelity to historical sources. See Critical Commentary below for Wiggins' conjecture on how these two characters might co-exist in a play.


References to the Play

Information welcome.


Critical Commentary

As Wiggins, Catalogue (#1137) notes, "It may be relevant that another Carthaginian play, Dido and Aeneas (#1100), was in the repertory earlier in the year. In extant versions of that story, Hermes (Mercury) plays a crucial role in summoning Aeneas away from Carthage to occupy Italy, so that his descendants can found Rome, the African city's antagonist in the Punic Wars. Perhaps in this play Hermes returns to Carthage to develop the conflict between the two Mediterranean powers". He briefly suggests that an "alternative possible referent is the apocryphal mystical philosopher, Hermes Trismegistus".

Harbage, Greg II and Sibley (70-71) assumed this play was Part 1, with "Worse Afeared Than Hurt" a Part 2 (though by Greg's own admission, it is "never so styled", #142 & #151, pp. 194-5). Harbage uses the names "[I] Hannibal and Hermes ([I] Worse (A)feared Than Hurt)" and "[II] Worse (A)feared Than Hurt (II Hannibal and Hermes)" to hedge his bets.

Knutson tentatively includes "Hannibal and Hermes" in her discussion of serial plays on the basis that "Greg thinks they [the Admiral's men] acquired a sequel" (p. 51).

For What It's Worth

Information welcome.


Works Cited

Knutson, Roslyn Lander. The Repertory of Shakespeare's Company, 1594-1613. Fayetteville: University of Arkansas Press, 1991.




Site created and maintained by David McInnis, University of Melbourne; updated 05 March 2015.