Difference between revisions of "God Speed the Plough"

 
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== Historical Records  ==
 
== Historical Records  ==
  
===''Henslowe’s Diary''===
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===Performance Records ===
  
'''F. 8<sup>v</sup> ([http://www.archive.org/stream/henslowesdiary00unkngoog#page/n76/mode/2up Greg I.16])'''
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==== Playlists in Philip Henslowe's diary ====
 
:Jn the name of god Amen begninge the 27 of
 
:desem[r] 1593 the earle of susex his men <br>
 
  
::{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" align="left" border="0" style="width: 471px; height: 51px;"
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::Fol. 8<sup>v</sup> [http://www.archive.org/stream/henslowesdiary00unkngoog#page/n76/mode/2up (Greg I.16)]
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:::::::Jn the name of god Amen begninge the 27 of
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::::::::desemʒ 1593 the earle of susex his men <br>
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:::{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" align="left" border="0" style="width: 471px; height: 51px;"
 
|-
 
|-
| R''es'' at good spede the plowghe . . . . . . . . .<br>  
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| R''es'' at good spede the plowghe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  <br>  
 
| iij<sup>ll</sup> j<sup>s</sup><br>
 
| iij<sup>ll</sup> j<sup>s</sup><br>
 
|-
 
|-
| R''es'' at god spead the plowe the 5 of Jenewary 1593 . . . .<br>  
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| R''es'' at god spead the plowe the 5 of Jenewary 1593 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  <br>  
 
| xj<sup>s</sup><br>
 
| xj<sup>s</sup><br>
 
|}
 
|}
<br>
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<br>
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<br><br><br>
<br>
 
<br>
 
  
 
== Theatrical Provenance  ==
 
== Theatrical Provenance  ==
  
Beginning on 27 December 1593, Sussex’s players leased the Rose and performed 12 plays through 6 February 1594. God Speed the Plough" was their first offering of the new run (27 Dec); it is not marked “ne.” It received two performances and returned an average of 36s. to Henslowe. It does not appear in subsequent theater documents.
+
Beginning on 27 December 1593, Sussex’s players leased the Rose and performed 12 plays through 6 February 1594. God Speed the Plough" was their first offering of the new run (27 Dec); it is not marked “ne.” It received two performances and returned an average of 36s. to Henslowe. It does not appear in subsequent extant theater documents.
 +
<br>
 +
 
 +
[[WorksCited|Wiggins, ''Catalogue'' (#910)]] considers the possibility (given the absence of Henslowe's "ne") that "God Speed the Plough" belonged to 1592. In commentary on "William the Conqueror" (another of Sussex's non-ne plays), Wiggins surmises that Sussex's men "played somewhere in London from the autumn of 1591 to the early spring of 1592" (#903). He inclines toward  perceiving "God Speed the Plough" as a feature of Sussex's "older, provincial repertory" of 1592-3 (#910).
 
<br><br>
 
<br><br>
  
 
== Probable Genre(s)  ==
 
== Probable Genre(s)  ==
  
Comedy? (Harbage)  
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Comedy? ([[WorksCited|Harbage]])  
 
<br><br>
 
<br><br>
  
 
== Possible Narrative and Dramatic Sources or Analogues  ==
 
== Possible Narrative and Dramatic Sources or Analogues  ==
  
'''S.R.1, III.68b/180 ([http://www.columbia.edu/cu/lweb/digital/collections/cul/texts/ldpd_6177070_003/pages/ldpd_6177070_003_00000182.html?toggle=image&menu=maximize&top=&left= CLIO])'''
 
  
primo marcij [1601]
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John harrison Junior filius [[category:John Harrison, Jr.]][[category:John Harrison, Sr.]][[category:Zachariah Pashfeild]]
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:{| cellpadding="5" border = "0" class = "wikitable"
Johannis Senior
 
:Entred for his Copye vnder the handes of master PASFEILD and the wardens A
 
:booke called ''GOD spede the ploughe''    ...    vj<sup>d</sup>
 
<br><br>
 
<blockquote>
 
{| cellpadding="5" border = "0" class = "wikitable"
 
 
|-valign="top"
 
|-valign="top"
 
|
 
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|
 
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</blockquote>
 
  
 
There is a ballad entitled “God speed the Plow, and bless the corn-mow, A Dialogue between the husband-man and the Serving-man” ([http://www.archive.org/stream/p3roxburgheballa06chapuoft#page/522/mode/2up Roxburghe ballads]). It is basically estate morality, with each man praising the pleasures of his profession. Predictably, the serving man likes the up-scale, busy, urban life, while the ploughman likes the joys of agricultural life and husbandry. It is an exchange not unlike the meeting of Touchstone and Corin in ''As You Like It'' ([http://internetshakespeare.uvic.ca/Library/Texts/AYL/M/Scene/3.2 Internet Shakespeare Editions]).   
 
There is a ballad entitled “God speed the Plow, and bless the corn-mow, A Dialogue between the husband-man and the Serving-man” ([http://www.archive.org/stream/p3roxburgheballa06chapuoft#page/522/mode/2up Roxburghe ballads]). It is basically estate morality, with each man praising the pleasures of his profession. Predictably, the serving man likes the up-scale, busy, urban life, while the ploughman likes the joys of agricultural life and husbandry. It is an exchange not unlike the meeting of Touchstone and Corin in ''As You Like It'' ([http://internetshakespeare.uvic.ca/Library/Texts/AYL/M/Scene/3.2 Internet Shakespeare Editions]).   
 
<br><br>
 
<br><br>
The play (1593-4), the book registered by the Harrisons, father and son (1 March 1601), and the ballad (''c''. 1665) may have no tighter connection than a title, but the ubiquity of that title suggests that the subject matter of the three would be similar in the treatment of city and country life.
 
<br>
 
<br>
 
  
 
== References to the Play  ==
 
== References to the Play  ==
  
None known.  
+
None known.
  
 +
== Critical Commentary  ==
  
 +
:[[WorksCited|Malone (p.292)]] and [[WorksCited|Collier (p. 310)]] do not comment on this play. [[WorksCited|Fleay, ''BCED'' (2.298, #119)]] notes without further comment the entry in the Stationers' Register of an item with the same title on 1 March 1601. [[WorksCited|Greg II]] notes that registration also, adding that the phrase was proverbial ([http://www.archive.org/stream/henslowesdiary02hensuoft#page/156/mode/2up #27, p. 157]).
  
== Critical Commentary  ==
+
:'''Knutson''', in an argument that challenges the perception of Sussex's players "as the poster child for ... turmoil" in the playhouse world in 1593 (p. 462), points out that seven of the company's twelve old plays (i.e., those without "ne") returned "more than 30 shillings on average to Henslowe" (p. 464). One of those seven was "God Speed the Plough."
  
'''Greg''' notes the registration of the book, “God Speed the Plough,” on 1 March 1601, adding that the phrase was proverbial ([http://www.archive.org/stream/henslowesdiary02hensuoft#page/156/mode/2up II.157, Item 27]).
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:[[WorksCited|Wiggins, ''Catalogue'' #910]] observes that the title phrase "was a way of saying 'Good luck' or 'May your enterprise thrive'." He notes also that the third of the play's recorded performances occurred on the Saturday before Plough Monday (7 January 1594).  
<br>
 
 
 
'''Knutson''', in an argument that challenges the perception of Sussex's players "as the poster child for ... turmoil'  in the playhouse world in 1593, points out that seven plays of the company's twelve old plays (i.e., those without "ne") returned "more than 30 shillings on average to Henslowe" (462, 464). One of those seven plays was "God Speed the Plough."
 
 
<br><br>
 
<br><br>
See also [[WorksCited|Wiggins]] serial number 910.
 
<br><br><br>
 
  
 
== For What It’s Worth  ==
 
== For What It’s Worth  ==
  
The proverbial phrase is not obsolete; David Mamet wrote a play in 1988 called ''Speed-the-Plow''.  
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* An item with the same title was entered in the Stationers' Register on 1 March 1601 (Stationers' Register, Liber C, fol. 68v; cf. [http://www.columbia.edu/cu/lweb/digital/collections/cul/texts/ldpd_6177070_003/pages/ldpd_6177070_003_00000182.html Arber 3:180]); this may have been the play.
 +
* The proverbial phrase is not obsolete; David Mamet wrote a play in 1988 called ''Speed-the-Plow''.
 +
 
 
<br><br>
 
<br><br>
  
 
== Works Cited  ==
 
== Works Cited  ==
  
<div style="padding-left: 2em; text-indent: -2em">Ebsworth, J. Woodfall (ed). ''The Roxburghe Ballads''. vol. 6, part 3. Hertford: Printed for the Ballad Society by Stephen Austin and sons, 1888. pp. 521-25. [http://www.archive.org/stream/p3roxburgheballa06chapuoft#page/522/mode/2up Internet Archive]</div>
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<div style="padding-left: 2em; text-indent: -2em">Ebsworth, J. Woodfall (ed). ''The Roxburghe Ballads''. vol. 6, part 3. Hertford: Printed for the Ballad Society by Stephen Austin and sons, 1888. pp. 521-25.[http://www.archive.org/stream/p3roxburgheballa06chapuoft#page/522/mode/2up Internet Archive]</div>
<div style="padding-left: 2em; text-indent: -2em">Knutson, Roslyn L. "What's So Special About 1594." ''Shakespeare Quarterly'' 61.4 (2010): 449-467.</div>
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<div style="padding-left: 2em; text-indent: -2em">Knutson, Roslyn L. "What's So Special About 1594?" ''Shakespeare Quarterly'' 61.4 (2010): 449-467.</div>
  
  
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Site created and maintained by [[Roslyn L. Knutson]], Professor Emerita, University of Arkansas at Little Rock; updated, 9 February 2012.  
 
Site created and maintained by [[Roslyn L. Knutson]], Professor Emerita, University of Arkansas at Little Rock; updated, 9 February 2012.  
  
[[category:all]] [[Category:Estate_satire]] [[Category:Country_life]] [[category:Henslowe's records]] [[category:Sussex's]] [[category:Rose]]
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[[category:all]] [[Category:Estate_satire]] [[Category:Country_life]] [[category:Henslowe's records]] [[category:Sussex's]] [[category:Rose]][[category:Update]]
[[category:S.R.]][[category:Roslyn L. Knutson]][[category:John Harrison, Junior]][[category:John Harrison, Senior]]
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[[category:Stationers' Register]][[category:Roslyn L. Knutson]][[category:John Harrison, Junior]][[category:John Harrison, Senior]][[category:ballads]]
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[[category:proverbs]][[category:Plays]]

Latest revision as of 10:21, 15 September 2022

Anon. (1593)


Historical Records

Performance Records

Playlists in Philip Henslowe's diary

Fol. 8v (Greg I.16)
Jn the name of god Amen begninge the 27 of
desemʒ 1593 the earle of susex his men
Res at good spede the plowghe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
iijll js
Res at god spead the plowe the 5 of Jenewary 1593 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
xjs




Theatrical Provenance

Beginning on 27 December 1593, Sussex’s players leased the Rose and performed 12 plays through 6 February 1594. God Speed the Plough" was their first offering of the new run (27 Dec); it is not marked “ne.” It received two performances and returned an average of 36s. to Henslowe. It does not appear in subsequent extant theater documents.

Wiggins, Catalogue (#910) considers the possibility (given the absence of Henslowe's "ne") that "God Speed the Plough" belonged to 1592. In commentary on "William the Conqueror" (another of Sussex's non-ne plays), Wiggins surmises that Sussex's men "played somewhere in London from the autumn of 1591 to the early spring of 1592" (#903). He inclines toward perceiving "God Speed the Plough" as a feature of Sussex's "older, provincial repertory" of 1592-3 (#910).

Probable Genre(s)

Comedy? (Harbage)

Possible Narrative and Dramatic Sources or Analogues

GodSpeedPlough.jpg
(Roxburghe ballads)

There is a ballad entitled “God speed the Plow, and bless the corn-mow, A Dialogue between the husband-man and the Serving-man” (Roxburghe ballads). It is basically estate morality, with each man praising the pleasures of his profession. Predictably, the serving man likes the up-scale, busy, urban life, while the ploughman likes the joys of agricultural life and husbandry. It is an exchange not unlike the meeting of Touchstone and Corin in As You Like It (Internet Shakespeare Editions).

References to the Play

None known.

Critical Commentary

Malone (p.292) and Collier (p. 310) do not comment on this play. Fleay, BCED (2.298, #119) notes without further comment the entry in the Stationers' Register of an item with the same title on 1 March 1601. Greg II notes that registration also, adding that the phrase was proverbial (#27, p. 157).
Knutson, in an argument that challenges the perception of Sussex's players "as the poster child for ... turmoil" in the playhouse world in 1593 (p. 462), points out that seven of the company's twelve old plays (i.e., those without "ne") returned "more than 30 shillings on average to Henslowe" (p. 464). One of those seven was "God Speed the Plough."
Wiggins, Catalogue #910 observes that the title phrase "was a way of saying 'Good luck' or 'May your enterprise thrive'." He notes also that the third of the play's recorded performances occurred on the Saturday before Plough Monday (7 January 1594).



For What It’s Worth

  • An item with the same title was entered in the Stationers' Register on 1 March 1601 (Stationers' Register, Liber C, fol. 68v; cf. Arber 3:180); this may have been the play.
  • The proverbial phrase is not obsolete; David Mamet wrote a play in 1988 called Speed-the-Plow.



Works Cited

Ebsworth, J. Woodfall (ed). The Roxburghe Ballads. vol. 6, part 3. Hertford: Printed for the Ballad Society by Stephen Austin and sons, 1888. pp. 521-25.Internet Archive
Knutson, Roslyn L. "What's So Special About 1594?" Shakespeare Quarterly 61.4 (2010): 449-467.


Site created and maintained by Roslyn L. Knutson, Professor Emerita, University of Arkansas at Little Rock; updated, 9 February 2012.