Difference between revisions of "Funeral of Richard Coeur de Lion, The"

(Created page with "Henry Chettle, Michael Drayton, Anthony Munday and Robert Wilson (1598) ==Historical Records== ===Henslowe's diary=== ===Dramatic Records of Sir Henry Her...")
 
 
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==Historical Records==
 
==Historical Records==
  
===Henslowe's diary===
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===Payments===
 +
====To playwrights in Philip Henslowe's diary====
 +
<br>
 +
Fol. 46 ([http://www.archive.org/stream/henslowesdiary00unkngoog#page/n146/mode/2up Greg I.87])
 +
<br>
 +
::{|
 +
|-
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| lent vnto m<sup>r</sup> willsone the 13 of June 1598 [called] vpon ||}
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|-
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| a bocke called Richard cordelion funeralle . . . . . . . . .  ||} v<sup>s</sup>
 +
|-
 +
|}
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::{|
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|-
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| lent vnto cheattell the 14 of June 1598 in earneste of ||}
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|-
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| a boocke called Richard cordeliones funeralle . . . . . .  ||}  v<sup>s</sup>
 +
|-
 +
|}
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<br>
 +
Fol. 46<sup>v</sup> ([http://www.archive.org/stream/henslowesdiary00unkngoog#page/n148/mode/2up Greg I.88])
 +
<br>
 +
::{|
 +
|-
 +
|lent vnto Cheattell the 15 of June 1598 in ||}
 +
|-
 +
| earneste of ther boocke called the funerall ||} v<sup>s</sup>
 +
|-
 +
|of Richard cvrdelion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ||}
 +
|-
 +
|}
 +
::{|
 +
|-
 +
| lent vnto cheattell willsone & mondaye ||}
 +
|-
 +
| the 17 of June 1598 vpon earneste of ther ||}
 +
|-
 +
| boocke called the funerall of Richard  ||}
 +
|-
 +
| cordelion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ||} xv<sup>s</sup>
 +
|-
 +
|}
 +
::{|
 +
|-
 +
| lent vnto m<sup>r</sup> cheattell the 21 of June 1598 ||}
 +
|-
 +
| in earneste of a boocke called the fenerall ||}
 +
|-
 +
| of Richard cvrdelion the some of . . . . . ||}  xxv<sup>s</sup>
 +
|-
 +
| J saye xxv<sup>s</sup> wittnes w<sup>m</sup> birde . . . . . . . . . . ||}
 +
|-
 +
|}
 +
::{|
 +
|-
 +
| lent vnto anthony mvnday the 23 of June 1598 ||}
 +
|-
 +
| in earneste of a boocke called the fenerall of ||}  xx<sup>s</sup>
 +
|-
 +
| Richard cvrdelion the some of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ||}
 +
|-
 +
|}
 +
::{|
 +
|-
 +
| lent vnto m<sup>r</sup> drayton the 24 of June 1598 ||}
 +
|-
 +
| in earneste of a boocke called the funerall of ||}  xxx<sup>s</sup>
 +
|-
 +
| Richard cordelion the some of . . . . . . . . . . . . . ||}
 +
|-
 +
|}
 +
::{|
 +
|-
 +
| lent vnto m<sup>r</sup> willson the 26 of June 1598 ||}
 +
|-
 +
| the some of xx<sup>s</sup> w<sup>ch</sup> is in full paymente of ||} xx<sup>s</sup>
 +
|-
 +
| <of> his þte of the boocke called Richard cordelion ||}
 +
|-
 +
| funerall . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ||}
 +
|-
 +
| & so m<sup>r</sup> willson Reasteth in my deate albeinge ||}
 +
|-
 +
| payd [xxv<sup>s</sup>] . . . <sup>pd xs  Rest to pay xs</sup> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ||}
 +
|-
 +
|}
 +
<br>
 +
<br>
  
===Dramatic Records of Sir Henry Herbert===
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===Government Documents===
 +
====Dramatic Records of Sir Henry Herbert====
  
 
Revels Documents, 1660-1673 (Bawcutt 249, item R29):
 
Revels Documents, 1660-1673 (Bawcutt 249, item R29):
  
<blockquote>A declaration under William Earle of Pembrokes Hande of the Antient powers of the Office dated the 20<sup>th</sup> of Nouemb. 1622.
+
 
:Seuerall Plays allowed by M<sup>r</sup> Tilney In 1598. which is .62. years since.
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A declaration under William Earle of Pembrokes Hande of the Antient powers of the Office dated the 20<sup>th</sup> of Nouemb. 1622.<br>
 +
Seuerall Plays allowed by M<sup>r</sup> Tilney In 1598. which is .62. years since.
 
::Sir William Longsword allowed to be Acted the. 24. May. 1598
 
::Sir William Longsword allowed to be Acted the. 24. May. 1598
 
::The Faire Mayd of London
 
::The Faire Mayd of London
::And Richard Cordelyon.
+
::And Richard Cordelyon.<br>
Kinge and noe Kinge to be Acted In 1611 & y<sup>e</sup> same to be printed,<br>
+
 
Allowed by Sir George Bucke<br>
+
:Kinge and noe Kinge to be Acted In 1611 & y<sup>e</sup> same to be printed,<br>
And Hogg Hath Loste His Pearle by Sir George Buck.<br>
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:Allowed by Sir George Bucke<br>
 +
:And Hogg Hath Loste His Pearle by Sir George Buck.<br>
 +
::::::::::::Richard Hall
 +
 
 +
<br>
 +
A variation of this note was subsequently reproduced in the "Breviat of Sir Henry and Simon Thelwall v. Thomas Betterton" (Bawcutt 255, item R33): <br>
 +
 
 +
A Declaration under William Earle of Pembrokes hand of the Ancient Powers of the Office Dated Nouember 20. 1622.<br>
 +
Seuerall Plays allowed by M<sup>r</sup> Tilney In 1598. As
 +
:S<sup>r</sup> William Longsword Allowed to bee Acted in 1598.
 +
:The Fair Maid of London
 +
:Richard Cor de Lyon.
 +
:::::::::::See the Bookes<br>
 +
Allowed by Sir George Buck
 +
:King and Noe Kinge to bee Acted in 1611. and the same to bee Printed
 +
:Hogg hath lost his Pearle and hundreds more<br>
 
:::::::::::Richard Hall
 
:::::::::::Richard Hall
</blockquote>
 
 
A variation of this note was subsequently reproduced in the "Breviat of Sir Henry and Simon Thelwall v. Thomas Betterton" (Bawcutt 255, item R33):
 
  
  
Line 27: Line 128:
 
<br>
 
<br>
 
<br>
 
<br>
<br>
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==Theatrical Provenance==
 
==Theatrical Provenance==
  
<Enter information about which company performed the play, and where/when it was performed, etc.>
+
The Admiral's men were at the Rose when Henslowe paid £6 5s to Chettle, Drayton, Munday and Wilson for this play. Herbert's records of Tilney's Elizabethan licences need not be taken as evidence that the play survived into the Restoration; Tilney's licencing refers to two extant plays (''The Hog Hath Lost Its Pearl'' and ''A King and No King'') as well as the lost [[William Longsword (William Longbeard)|"William Longsword"]], [[Fair Maid of London, The|"Fair Maid of London"]] and "The Funeral of Richard Coeur de Lion".
 
+
<br>
 
+
<br>
  
 
==Probable Genre(s)==
 
==Probable Genre(s)==
  
History (Harbage).
+
History ([[WorksCited|Harbage]]).
 
+
<br><br>
 
 
  
 
==Possible Narrative and Dramatic Sources or Analogues==
 
==Possible Narrative and Dramatic Sources or Analogues==
  
<Enter any information about possible or known sources. Summarise these sources where practical/possible, or provide an excerpt from another scholar's discussion of the subject if available.>
+
In April 1199, Richard was killed whilst besieging the viscount of Limoges’ castle at Chalus-Chabrol. With only an iron helmet for protection, no armour, Richard set about inspecting his army’s progress. A lone enemy crossbowman (himself protected only by a frying pan for a shield) managed to hit Richard’s shoulder; the king retired to his tent to avoid alarming his men, but the barb from the bolt could not be removed successfully, and Richard’s wound became gangrenous (Gillingham 324).  He died shortly thereafter. There does not appear to be anything especially distinctive about Richard’s funeral, though he did leave detailed instructions about what was to be done with his body, specifying distinct final resting paces for his heart (Rouen), his brain and entrails (Charroux), and the remainder of his corpse (with crown and regalia) to be buried at Fontevraud (Gillingham 324-25). It seems probable, then, that Richard’s death formed at least part of the action of this lost play. [[category:Holinshed]]
 
+
<br>
 
+
<br>
  
 
==References to the Play==
 
==References to the Play==
  
<List any known or conjectured references to the lost play here.>
+
(See [[#Critical Commentary | Critical Commentary]] below)
 
+
<br>
 
+
<br>
  
 
==Critical Commentary==
 
==Critical Commentary==
  
<Summarise any critical commentary that may have been published by scholars. Please maintain an objective tone!>
+
[[WorksCited|Greg II]] thought this play was connected to Munday's two Robin Hood plays (''The Downfall of Robert Earl of Huntingdon'' and ''The Death of Robert Earl of Huntingdon''); "The Funeral of Richard Coeur de Lion" being the "second part of a trilogy" [http://www.archive.org/stream/henslowesdiary02hensuoft#page/194/mode/2up (#137, pp. 193-4)]. He notes that:
 
+
:At the end of the ''Downfall'' a second part is promised to include 'The manner of his [Richard's] royal funeral.' This does not appear in the ''Death''. Either it was entirely omitted, or more probably the short passage in the original second part was removed and expanded into the ''Funeral of Richard Coeur-de-Lion'' (137) of June 1598. ([http://www.archive.org/stream/henslowesdiary02hensuoft#page/190/mode/2up #125, #127, p. 190])
 
+
<br>
 +
'''McInnis''' canvasses options for the relationship of "[[Fortune's Tennis, Part 2]]" to other plays in the Admiral's repertory, and suggests the 4th Crusade-related plays as one possible context: these include "The Funeral of Richard Coeur de Lion", [[William Longsword (William Longbeard)|"William Longsword"]], and Munday's Robin Hood plays (115-16).
 +
<br>
 +
<br>
 +
'''Hirrel''', in the context of assigning Henslowe's inventory list of March 1598 to the following year (March 1599), suggests that the "shelde, with iij lyones" was Richard's, and was "no doubt ... used in the play Henslowe records as 'the funerall of Richard cordelion'" (Advance Access 5). He suggests that "[t]he play presumably dressed [Richard's] end as a more heroic form of combat, one requiring a shield. In any event, Richard's shield probably was used often in the play, during both the siege and the funeral" (Advance Access 5).
 +
<br>
 +
<br>
  
 
==For What It's Worth==
 
==For What It's Worth==
  
<Enter any miscellaneous points that may be relevant, but don't fit into the above categories. This is the best place for highly conjectural thoughts.>
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Richard's half-brother was William Longespée, 3rd Earl of Salisbury (1167-1226) who may have been the subject of the lost [[William Longsword (William Longbeard)|"William Longsword"]] play written by [[Drayton]] for the Admiral's at the Rose in [[1598]].
 
+
<br>
 
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<br>
 
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<br>
 
==Works Cited==
 
==Works Cited==
  
<List all texts cited throughout the entry, except those staple texts whose full bibliographical details have been provided in the masterlist of Works Cited found on the sidebar menu.>
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<div style="padding-left: 2em; text-indent: -2em">Gillingham, John. ''Richard I''. New Haven: Yale UP, 1999.</div>
 
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<div style="padding-left: 2em; text-indent: -2em">Hirrel, Michael J. "Alcazar, The Lord Admiral's, and Aspects of Performance." 'Review of English Studies' Advance Access published 22 Aug 2014. doi: 10.1093/res/hgu067.</div>
 
+
<div style="padding-left: 2em; text-indent: -2em">McInnis, David. " '2 Fortune's Tennis' and the Admiral's Men." ''Lost Plays in Shakespeare's England''. ed. David McInnis and Matthew Steggle. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014. 105-126.</div>
<If you haven't done so already, also add here any key words that will help categorise this play. Use the following format, repeating as necessary: [[category:example]]>
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<br>
 
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<br>
 
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<br>
Site created and maintained by [[David McInnis]], University of Melbourne; updated 16 October 2013.
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Site created and maintained by [[David McInnis]], University of Melbourne; created 16 October 2013; updated 24 March 2015.
 
[[category:all]][[category:David McInnis]][[category:crusades]][[category:english history]][[category:english kings]][[category:Henslowe's records]][[category:Herbert's records]]
 
[[category:all]][[category:David McInnis]][[category:crusades]][[category:english history]][[category:english kings]][[category:Henslowe's records]][[category:Herbert's records]]
 +
[[Category:Admiral's]][[category:Henry Chettle]][[category:Michael Drayton]][[category:Anthony Munday]][[category:Robert Wilson]][[category:Wilson, Robert]][[category:Munday, Anthony]][[category:Chettle, Henry]]
 +
[[category:Plays]][[category:Update]][[category:Drayton, Michael]]

Latest revision as of 14:42, 4 October 2022

Henry Chettle, Michael Drayton, Anthony Munday and Robert Wilson (1598)


Historical Records

Payments

To playwrights in Philip Henslowe's diary


Fol. 46 (Greg I.87)

lent vnto mr willsone the 13 of June 1598 [called] vpon }
a bocke called Richard cordelion funeralle . . . . . . . . . } vs
lent vnto cheattell the 14 of June 1598 in earneste of }
a boocke called Richard cordeliones funeralle . . . . . . } vs


Fol. 46v (Greg I.88)

lent vnto Cheattell the 15 of June 1598 in }
earneste of ther boocke called the funerall } vs
of Richard cvrdelion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . }
lent vnto cheattell willsone & mondaye }
the 17 of June 1598 vpon earneste of ther }
boocke called the funerall of Richard }
cordelion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . } xvs
lent vnto mr cheattell the 21 of June 1598 }
in earneste of a boocke called the fenerall }
of Richard cvrdelion the some of . . . . . } xxvs
J saye xxvs wittnes wm birde . . . . . . . . . . }
lent vnto anthony mvnday the 23 of June 1598 }
in earneste of a boocke called the fenerall of } xxs
Richard cvrdelion the some of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . }
lent vnto mr drayton the 24 of June 1598 }
in earneste of a boocke called the funerall of } xxxs
Richard cordelion the some of . . . . . . . . . . . . . }
lent vnto mr willson the 26 of June 1598 }
the some of xxs wch is in full paymente of } xxs
<of> his þte of the boocke called Richard cordelion }
funerall . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . }
& so mr willson Reasteth in my deate albeinge }
payd [xxvs] . . . pd xs Rest to pay xs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . }



Government Documents

Dramatic Records of Sir Henry Herbert

Revels Documents, 1660-1673 (Bawcutt 249, item R29):


A declaration under William Earle of Pembrokes Hande of the Antient powers of the Office dated the 20th of Nouemb. 1622.
Seuerall Plays allowed by Mr Tilney In 1598. which is .62. years since.

Sir William Longsword allowed to be Acted the. 24. May. 1598
The Faire Mayd of London
And Richard Cordelyon.
Kinge and noe Kinge to be Acted In 1611 & ye same to be printed,
Allowed by Sir George Bucke
And Hogg Hath Loste His Pearle by Sir George Buck.
Richard Hall


A variation of this note was subsequently reproduced in the "Breviat of Sir Henry and Simon Thelwall v. Thomas Betterton" (Bawcutt 255, item R33):

A Declaration under William Earle of Pembrokes hand of the Ancient Powers of the Office Dated Nouember 20. 1622.
Seuerall Plays allowed by Mr Tilney In 1598. As

Sr William Longsword Allowed to bee Acted in 1598.
The Fair Maid of London
Richard Cor de Lyon.
See the Bookes

Allowed by Sir George Buck

King and Noe Kinge to bee Acted in 1611. and the same to bee Printed
Hogg hath lost his Pearle and hundreds more
Richard Hall


Joseph Quincy Adams includes transcriptions of both, with minor differences, in the "Miscellaneous Papers" section of his edition of Herbert's records (Adams, 105; Adams, 112).

Theatrical Provenance

The Admiral's men were at the Rose when Henslowe paid £6 5s to Chettle, Drayton, Munday and Wilson for this play. Herbert's records of Tilney's Elizabethan licences need not be taken as evidence that the play survived into the Restoration; Tilney's licencing refers to two extant plays (The Hog Hath Lost Its Pearl and A King and No King) as well as the lost "William Longsword", "Fair Maid of London" and "The Funeral of Richard Coeur de Lion".

Probable Genre(s)

History (Harbage).

Possible Narrative and Dramatic Sources or Analogues

In April 1199, Richard was killed whilst besieging the viscount of Limoges’ castle at Chalus-Chabrol. With only an iron helmet for protection, no armour, Richard set about inspecting his army’s progress. A lone enemy crossbowman (himself protected only by a frying pan for a shield) managed to hit Richard’s shoulder; the king retired to his tent to avoid alarming his men, but the barb from the bolt could not be removed successfully, and Richard’s wound became gangrenous (Gillingham 324). He died shortly thereafter. There does not appear to be anything especially distinctive about Richard’s funeral, though he did leave detailed instructions about what was to be done with his body, specifying distinct final resting paces for his heart (Rouen), his brain and entrails (Charroux), and the remainder of his corpse (with crown and regalia) to be buried at Fontevraud (Gillingham 324-25). It seems probable, then, that Richard’s death formed at least part of the action of this lost play.

References to the Play

(See Critical Commentary below)

Critical Commentary

Greg II thought this play was connected to Munday's two Robin Hood plays (The Downfall of Robert Earl of Huntingdon and The Death of Robert Earl of Huntingdon); "The Funeral of Richard Coeur de Lion" being the "second part of a trilogy" (#137, pp. 193-4). He notes that:

At the end of the Downfall a second part is promised to include 'The manner of his [Richard's] royal funeral.' This does not appear in the Death. Either it was entirely omitted, or more probably the short passage in the original second part was removed and expanded into the Funeral of Richard Coeur-de-Lion (137) of June 1598. (#125, #127, p. 190)


McInnis canvasses options for the relationship of "Fortune's Tennis, Part 2" to other plays in the Admiral's repertory, and suggests the 4th Crusade-related plays as one possible context: these include "The Funeral of Richard Coeur de Lion", "William Longsword", and Munday's Robin Hood plays (115-16).

Hirrel, in the context of assigning Henslowe's inventory list of March 1598 to the following year (March 1599), suggests that the "shelde, with iij lyones" was Richard's, and was "no doubt ... used in the play Henslowe records as 'the funerall of Richard cordelion'" (Advance Access 5). He suggests that "[t]he play presumably dressed [Richard's] end as a more heroic form of combat, one requiring a shield. In any event, Richard's shield probably was used often in the play, during both the siege and the funeral" (Advance Access 5).

For What It's Worth

Richard's half-brother was William Longespée, 3rd Earl of Salisbury (1167-1226) who may have been the subject of the lost "William Longsword" play written by Drayton for the Admiral's at the Rose in 1598.


Works Cited

Gillingham, John. Richard I. New Haven: Yale UP, 1999.
Hirrel, Michael J. "Alcazar, The Lord Admiral's, and Aspects of Performance." 'Review of English Studies' Advance Access published 22 Aug 2014. doi: 10.1093/res/hgu067.
McInnis, David. " '2 Fortune's Tennis' and the Admiral's Men." Lost Plays in Shakespeare's England. ed. David McInnis and Matthew Steggle. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014. 105-126.




Site created and maintained by David McInnis, University of Melbourne; created 16 October 2013; updated 24 March 2015.